IJSPL is a double-blind peer reviewed online journal published by the Rashtram School of Public Leadership, Rishihood University.
IJSPL is a double-blind peer reviewed online journal published by the Rashtram School of Public Leadership, Rishihood University.

Cognition and Its Validity: An Exposition on Cognition, Its Structure and Validity According to Tarka Śāstra

Authored by Jammalamadaka Suryanarayana

School of Vedic Sciences, MIT Art Design and Technology University

Volume II, Issue 2 | November 29, 2021

Abstract

This paper gives a brief introduction to the darśanas in order to explore the structure of cognition, its types and validation. Cognition is of two types: (a) recollection and (b) experience. Recollection is the cognition caused by impressions or memories of an object left behind by experiences. When such impressions or memories are activated, they can be recollected. For example, if one is asked about one’s name, one recollects it and responds. One can recollect an object that is related to a past event, a situation, a time, etc.

Experience, on the other hand, is related to the present. For example, people see a red flower with their sensory organs (i.e., eyes) and know the colour of the flower (red). Experiences can be further divided into many types, based on the source. Validation related to cognition is truth. We explore the validity of the cognition produced based on facts or the ability to reflect reality. Knowing the validation of cognition is helpful in making decisions, results in doubtless effort (niṣkaṃpa pravṛtti) and many other responses. We show that validation of cognition is the key ingredient in leadership.

Keywords: Cognition according to nyāya, Cognition according to tarka, validation of cognition, structure of cognition, jñāna, pramāṇa, pratyakṣa, anumāna, upamāna, śabda, prāmāṇya.

Download the paper by clicking here